How To Use The Spousal Sponsorship (Marriage) Route to Canadian Permanent Residency

Spousal sponsorship is a scheme through which Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their spouses, common-law partners, or conjugal partners for permanent residency in Canada.

Canada is a popular destination for people seeking a good quality of life, cultural diversity, and a strong economy.

Marriage to a Canadian citizen or permanent resident might be a potential avenue for people wishing to immigrate to Canada.

It should be noted, however, that marrying a Canadian does not immediately bestow citizenship or permanent residence.

Instead, there is a precise process and qualifying requirements that must be completed in order for your spouse’s sponsorship to be successful.


How The Spousal Sponsorship Work

Spousal sponsorship is a scheme through which Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their spouses, common-law partners, or conjugal partners for permanent residency in Canada.

Both the sponsor and the sponsored individual must demonstrate the legitimacy of their relationship, demonstrating that it is not just for immigration purposes. They must also meet specified eligibility standards such as age, income, criminal history, and medical issues.

Eligibility to Sponsor a Spouse

You must be at least 18 years old and have Canadian citizenship or permanent resident status to sponsor your spouse. You must be financially capable of supporting your spouse and guaranteeing that they do not require government social assistance.


You must also sign an undertaking agreement pledging to meet your spouse’s basic needs for three years after they become a permanent residence.

Spousal Sponsorship Eligibility

You must be legally married to your sponsor and at least 18 years old to be sponsored as a spouse. You will also be required to pass a medical exam and a background check. You can apply for spousal sponsorship either inside or outside of Canada.

If you are in Canada, you must have a valid temporary visa, such as visitor, student, or worker. If you are not a Canadian citizen, you must apply through the relevant visa office in your place of residency.

The Spousal Sponsorship Application Process

The application process for spousal sponsorship consists of two major steps: the application of the sponsor and the application of the sponsored individual.

To begin, the sponsor must apply to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to determine their suitability and eligibility as a sponsor.

Following that, the sponsored individual must file an application for permanent residence, together with supporting documents such as proof of marriage, identity documents, police certificates, and photographs.

These applications can be submitted online or by mail, with processing periods ranging depending on factors such as the type of relationship, country of origin, and application completeness. Spousal sponsorship applications are typically processed in 12 months.

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The Advantages of Spousal Sponsorship

Spousal sponsorship is one of the simplest and quickest ways to obtain permanent residence in Canada through marriage. When you become a permanent resident, you will be eligible for a variety of advantages, including:

  • The freedom to live, work, and study in any part of Canada
  • Healthcare and social services will be available for you.
  • Canadian law and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms provide legal protection.
  • After three years of physical presence in Canada, you can petition for Canadian citizenship.
  • Flexibility to include dependent children in your application or later sponsor them

While marrying a Canadian citizen or permanent resident may clear the way for immigration to Canada, it is critical to follow the spousal sponsorship program and meet specified conditions in order to obtain permanent residence status.

Consider seeing an immigration lawyer or authorized agent if you need help with your spousal sponsorship application. They can provide direction throughout the procedure and increase your chances of success.